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What is narcissistic personality disorder, what are its causes, what are the symptoms, how is it treated?

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Narcissistic personality disorder is a personality disorder that causes valuable deterioration in the character of the person in terms of functionality and causes the development of some pathological character traits. As in other personality disorders, in narcissistic disorder, the social environment causes the person to negatively affect himself and the lives of the people around him in various areas, especially in family and friend relations. Why does narcissistic personality develop? What are the symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder? Is there a cure for narcissistic personality disorder?



0-6 years is a very valuable period in the development of personality disorder. During this period, the child establishes an interest in the family. In particular, the interest he establishes with the mother will be effective in his personality development and later life. The child has to meet the expectations from the family, and the family pays an obvious amount for the child to meet these expectations. However, the family does not do this consciously. He must be the smartest, most successful, most well-behaved for the family. When this is the case, the child cannot reveal his / her own potential and becomes unable to make his / her own decisions.

the basis of narcissistic personality disorder is that the parents do not show enough empathy in the early childhood period; the child’s inability to adequately face the disappointments of the real world in the appropriate parenting environment. The child, who is always fed by the parents’ exaltation and emphasis on the child’s characteristics, creates an unnecessarily grandiose sense of self. This too has a valuable share in the formation of “Narcissism”. Also, in the stories of narcissists, childhood emotional neglect is evident.

When looking deep into narcissistic people, it seems that a heavy unworthiness prevails. In order to get rid of this feeling, they always engage in activities that increase their cost. These may be about trying to be successful and pursuing success. However, they are not aware of all these processes, they do them unconsciously.



* He sees himself above criticism.

*Stands of manipulative behavior.

*Uses other individuals for their own gain.

* He wants to make friends with people who have the same status as him. However, even when this happens, it competes with its surroundings with the urge to stay ahead.

* He exaggerates his own talents and achievements and considers them superior.

* He wants to be approved by creating environments where he will always be right.

* Constantly expects praise and sets up a pressure environment for it.

*Seems other people as less talented, less successful, less intelligent, and less pleasant than himself.

*Assumes that people are in a state of self-serving.

*Even though he sees himself as a part of the society, he thinks that he deserves special treatment in this society and argues that he is the person at the top of the society.

* It exists through others.

* Generally, there are concepts such as worthlessness and lovelessness experienced in childhood on the basis of this disorder.

*No matter how self-confident he may appear on the outside, the concept of self-confidence is fragile inside and it is his greatest horror to show it.



A formal diagnosis can only be made with the help of a qualified psychiatrist. In addition, in order to make this diagnosis, the narcissist person;

* Great sense of subjectivity,


* Empathy,


* Must exhibit disorders in personality functions in different areas, including relationships.

*Disorders in personality functions and the expression of personality functions should also follow a stable course over time and in the face of various situations. In addition, these behavioral disorders should not be caused by a drug substance or a medical condition.


Narcissistic individuals are those who find therapy difficult. For them, coming to therapy is a sign of weakness. Therefore, they cannot think that the main reason is mental problems and they do not come to therapy. The reasons for their visit are mostly depression, fear, panic attacks, unhappiness, feeling of emptiness and sexual difficulties. they come because they’ve had issues with human connections; they have family conflicts, they have abandoned their partner, or they may have had a failure. When seeking therapy, the root cause should be considered.

Narcissistic personality disorder can be treated with dynamic psychotherapy. It can be difficult for the therapist. The therapist may be the person to whom anger is felt from time to time, as he may idealize from time to time. Although the duration of therapy varies, this may take longer for some. The result will be fruitful with an expert and experienced therapist.


* The boundaries of behavior towards a narcissistic person should be made clear.

* All manipulative behaviors in emotional and spiritual sense should be terminated and not allowed.

* It should not be shown or made to feel that it is approached with the fear of losing it.

* If you are worried about losing the person, the underlying cause should also be determined.

* We should not have feelings of guilt, worthlessness or inadequacy in the presence of a narcissistic person. The ego of the narcissistic personality should not be taken as a nurturing task.

* It should not be attempted to change or correct it.

* Feelings, whether positive or negative, towards a narcissistic person should be mentioned in a clear form.

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