Turkey’s veto on Sweden and Finland’s applications was exceeded at the NATO Summit, which started in Spain. The two countries promised that there would be no arms embargo with full solidarity and cooperation with Turkey in the fight against terrorism. Turkey also removed the obstacles to the membership of the two countries.
Turkey, which objected to Sweden and Finland’s application for NATO membership due to security problems in the context of efforts against terrorism, lifted its reservations after the two countries made commitments to meet the expectations and to be recorded. The consensus in the middle of the three countries came at the climax of the four before NATO Hill. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Finnish President Sauli Niinisto and Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson met for about two hours at the summit, which was held upon the invitation of NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg. A tripartite memorandum was agreed during the meeting.
According to the news of İnanç Özalp from Hürriyet, the tripartite memorandum was signed by Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto and Swedish Foreign Minister Ann Linde.
* The three countries profess their commitment to the principles and values of the Washington Treaty.
* One of the core elements of the Alliance is full solidarity and cooperation in the effort of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, as well as the national security of its members.
* Finland and Sweden give Turkey full support against all threats to its national security. Finland and Sweden will not provide reinforcements to PYD/YPG and FETO.
* The two countries strongly reject and condemn terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.
* The two countries confirm that the PKK is a banned terrorist organization. The two countries undertake that they will prevent the activities of the PKK and all other terrorist organizations, organizations and front organizations affiliated with the activities of their affiliates, and those who have contact with these organizations.
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* The three countries have decided to increase their cooperation with the aim of preventing terrorist activities. The two countries reject the ambitions of terrorist organizations.
* Sweden confirms that a new terrorist offense law will come into force from 1 July.
* Three countries midway confirm that there is no longer any national arms embargo.
* The two countries will process Turkey’s extraterritorial or extradition requests for terrorist suspects, taking into account information, evidence and intelligence in line with the European Extradition Convention.
* They will initiate an investigation and ban the fundraising and recruitment activities of the PKK terrorist organization and front organizations.
As part of the reconciliation, the three countries also decided to establish a system of dialogue and cooperation.
TURKEY GOT WHAT IT WANTS
After the agreement, a statement was also made by the Presidency. In the statement, which was called “Turkey got what it wanted,” the statement said, “The fact that the PKK/YPG/PYD and FETO are a terrorist organization has been revealed so clearly, that Turkey’s efforts under the leadership of President Erdogan have been a very valuable step on an international scale.”
Speaking to the press after the signing ceremony, Stoltenberg became one of the architects of the consensus. Stoltenberg, who did not hide his satisfaction with the reconciliation of the three countries, said, “We showed that whatever our differences, we can always find common ground and solve problems. NATO’s open-door policy has been a historic success. The participation of Finland and Sweden will make them more faithful and NATO stronger. This is of vital importance in these days when we are facing the biggest security crisis of the last decades.” Reminding that no ally has been subjected to a terrorist attack as much as Turkey, Stoltenberg stated that all forms and manifestations of terrorism should be dealt with jointly and said, “The memorandum that has been agreed upon reflects this reality. “I am happy that we were able to bring the leaders together and then, after weeks of extensive work by our officials, that the leaders were able to come up with a solution to reach a final agreement,” he said.
HOW THE PROCESS WILL WORK
Since there is no obstacle to the membership of the two countries, the heads of NATO will make an official invitation today. After the hill, the delegations will come together. Then, the countries will forward the letter to NATO that they accept the responsibilities and obligations arising from membership. NATO will prepare an accession protocol to the founding Washington Treaty. Once the member states have signed the protocol, they will ratify it in their national systems. The Secretary General will invite the two countries. According to their systems, the two countries will officially become members after ratifying the Washington Treaty.
THE AGREEMENT BENEFITS EVERYONE
Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson: We welcome the treaty. Taking the next step towards NATO membership is certainly valuable for Sweden and Finland. However, this is also a very valuable step for NATO, as our countries will be security providers within NATO.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson: Excellent news as we kick off the NATO Summit. The membership of Sweden and Finland will make our alliance stronger and more faithful.
Norwegian Prime Minister Jonas Gahr Store: This is a historic day. With Sweden and Finland, NATO will achieve an even stronger alliance in Europe. For Norway, this means more faithful and stronger defense cooperation with our northern neighbors.
EU Council Leader Charles Michel: I welcome the signing of the tripartite agreement between Finland, Sweden and Turkey. A strong NATO would facilitate enhanced cooperation with the EU.
CELEBRATION FROM BIDEN
The compromise in the middle of the three countries was also welcomed by the US President Joe Biden. “I congratulate Finland, Sweden and Turkey for signing the tripartite memorandum, a valuable step towards NATO invitation of Finland and Sweden, which will strengthen our alliance and consolidate our common security, and an excellent way to start the Summit,” Biden wrote in his social media message. used.