Understanding how much water exists on Mars and whether it supports life is quite valuable. The distribution of clays and other rocks detected by the researchers is balanced with water sticking out.
Through a comprehensive examination of images taken by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, planetary scientists identified clay-containing sediments throughout Mars’ northern Ladon Valles, southern and southwestern Ladon basin. The research has been published in Icarus.
Clay indicates the long-term presence of water, as it forms under neutral pH conditions with minimal water evaporation.
According to the news reported by Science Alert, the group thinks that water flowed here from about 3.8 billion years ago to about 2.5 billion years ago, as a major stretch of Martian history.
Catherine Weitz, a senior scientist at the Institute of Planetary Sciences in Arizona, said: “Furthermore, colored, light-toned layered sediments exhibiting relatively low bedding gradients and containing 200 kilometers [124 miles] of clay in between are most likely in the Ladon “It’s proof that a lake exists,” he said.
The latest research to interpret conditions on Mars, as far as we can see on its surface and sediments, refers to conditions that may have supported life, though not exactly proof of life (as a matter of fact, Mars has to be excavated to confirm this).
Moreover, clay is known to be a source of nutrients and stabilizers for the environment around them. Bring water, nutrients, and stable conditions together, and organisms’ chances of survival increase dramatically.