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Attention to the ‘wrong diets’ applied in adolescence!

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The body mass index (BMI), which is obtained by dividing the weight by the square of the height, is used to clinically define obesity, which is known as ‘excessive amount of fat stored in the body’. service, in adults, individuals with a body mass index above 25 are defined as overweight, and those over 30 are defined as obese.

Speaking on the subject, Nutrition and Diet Specialist Havva Kılınç stated that BMI percentile curves prepared according to age and gender were used in children, children with “> 85 percentile” were classified as overweight and those with “> 90 percentile” were classified as obese .

Sword continued:

“The gradual increase in the prevalence of obesity in childhood can lead to a group of disorders in eating behavior, especially in adolescence, when body image gains value. A valuable part of individuals with obesity problems in adolescence are also faced with obesity and many chronic diseases in their adult life. This is because this is the reason for this. In the age group, excess weight gain increases the number of fat cells in the body, which is more difficult to recycle than in adulthood. In this period, the need for nutrients to maintain normal growth and pubertal development increases. Iron deficiency and calcium deficiency causing osteoporosis are common nutritional issues. “


Havva Kılınç pointed out that rapid weight loss as a result of unconscious diet practices in order to get rid of excess weight can affect all body systems and can cause hormonal and metabolic disorders in particular. -I (IGF-I) deficiency and thyroid dysfunctions are the main problems observed.

Pointing out that malnutrition or wrong diets in adolescence may cause important problems such as osteoporosis, obesity, hyperlipidemia, cardiovascular diseases and cancer in the following years, Kılınç said:

“We should consider nutrition as a whole and give it the necessary value at every stage of life. In the childhood age group, especially in adolescents, the treatment of obesity requires a more careful approach compared to other age groups. In this period when growth and development is at its peak, it is necessary to consume enough calories that contain all nutrients in a stable manner.

Very low calorie diets and rapid weight loss should be avoided. . Losing an average of 2 kilograms per month by doing sports together with diet can be considered sufficient for the adolescence age group. The implementation of a dietitian-controlled, stable weight loss program suitable for age, gender and life style will increase the success of treatment and will also be effective in preventing psychiatric, endocrine and metabolic problems that may arise.

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