Spring months, the harbinger of the summer season, bring along some health problems, especially for people with an allergic body, in addition to the pleasures offered by nature. Stating that allergic conjunctivitis is common in the society and affects 10-20 percent of the population on average, Ophthalmology Specialist Dr. Instructor Member Erkan Bulut warned.
Bulut made 8 offers to protect the eyes from spring allergies, not to go out in the sun unless it is necessary in the middle of 10:00 to 17:00, to use sunglasses, hats, umbrellas when going out, and to use air conditioners with pollen filters in the house.
Eye allergies are quite common, Dr. Instructor Member Bulut said, “Eye allergy occurs when it reacts to these external factors (allergens) that stimulate it. Our eyes produce an element called histamine to fight these allergens. As a result, the membrane called the conjunctiva, which surrounds the eyelids and the inside of our eyelids and the white part of the eye, becomes red, swollen and itchy due to this exposed allergen. Allergic conjunctivitis is not a microbial eye inflammation and is not transmitted from person to person. Allergic conjunctivitis is a cluster disease that includes changes in our eyes against environmental allergens.
Underlining that allergy rates are increasing in the world and that approximately 20 percent of the world’s population is currently affected by some kind of allergy, Dr. Instructor Member Bulut also stated that 40-60 percent of patients with a history of allergy also have allergy complaints in their eyes.
LIKED RING AND WATERING CAN BE VISIBLE
Referring to the symptoms of eye allergy, Dr. Instructor Prof. Dr. Bulut said, “Due to the histamine secretion that occurs when our eyes first encounter an allergen, we call the sudden onset of complaints, itching, watering, redness and swelling of the conjunctival membrane occur in the eyes. If it is not treated at this stage, chronic inflammation occurs with this allergy in our eyes, which we call long-term effects, sensitivity to light, popular pain, visual impairment and discharge.
EYE ALLERGY CAUSED ATTENTION TO THE FACTORS
Emphasizing that the most basic principle in protection from eye allergy is to stay away from the factor that causes eye allergy, Dr. Instructor Member Bulut listed the protective measures in the following form:
“Do not go out in the sun unless it is necessary in the middle of 10.00 to 17.00 when the pollen is heavy and the sun’s rays are the steepest. Use sunglasses, a hat, an umbrella when going out. Use residential air conditioners with pollen filters. Keep residential and automobile windows closed during pollen season. Stay away from chemicals, dyes and perfumes. Take care not to be in the same environment with furry pets. Avoid cigarette smoke and stuffy environments. Do not use items such as carpets and rugs that will contain dust in the residence.”
Drawing attention to eye protection measures in eye allergy, Dr. Instructor Member Bulut said, “We can include not scratching the eyes, cold compresses (which may be beneficial by reducing itching and inflammation), cold dripping of artificial tear drops into the eye, and avoiding contact lens use in the protection systems.”
THERE ARE 5 TYPES OF EYE ALLERGY
Underlining that 95 percent of allergic conjunctivitis seen in the community is seasonal allergic conjunctivitis and perennial allergic conjunctivitis. Instructor Member Bulut listed the types of eye allergies as follows:
- Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis: They occur in autumn and spring, which are seasonal transitions. It is caused by tree pollens and meadow grass pollens, which we generally call allergens outside the home.
- Perennial allergic conjunctivitis: Perennial literally means year-round. Complaints in perennial allergic conjunctivitis continue throughout the year and do not show seasonal changes. It is caused by organic allergens such as dust mites and pet hairs in the indoor environment.
- Vernal keraoconjunctivitis: It is a type of allergic conjunctivitis that is mostly seen in tropical or temperate/hot climates.
- Atopic conjunctivitis: It is allergic conjunctivitis that occurs together with atopic dermatitis.
- Giant papillary conjunctivitis: It is a type of allergic conjunctivitis that is frequently seen in contact lens users.
SEASONAL CONJONCTIVITIS IS MORE COMMON IN CHILDREN
Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis draws attention. Instructor Member Erkan Bulut said, “It is the most common allergic eye disease, and approximately half of all allergic conjunctivitis is in this group. Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis is mostly seen in children, especially in spring and summer. It recurs every year in the spring. The most obvious complaint in patients is severe itching, which occurs with both pleasures. Patients often have a family history of allergies, and the patient himself may have allergic diseases such as hay fever (allergic rhinitis) and asthma.
TREE AND GRAIN POLENS CAN TRICK EYE DISHESES
The harbinger of summer, spring months bring us some health problems, especially for individuals with allergic body, in In addition to the pleasures offered by nature. said Dr. Instructor Member Erkan Bulut said, “A significant increase occurs in tree and meadow pollen in nature with appropriate humidity and temperature in spring. This change in nature causes an increase in many allergic diseases, especially allergic conjunctivitis. Tree pollens cause complaints mostly in February-May, meadow grass pollens in May-June, and wild meadow grass pollens from mid-summer to autumn.”
ALLERGY SKIN TEST CAN BE DONE
Instructor Prof. Dr. Bulut emphasized that the diagnosis of the disease can be made by taking a detailed history and a detailed eye examination, and it would be appropriate to perform the allergy skin test in patients with obvious and recurrent allergic conjunctivitis.
Bulut said, “It is very important for the diagnosis that the patient has itching, redness and watering symptoms in both eyes, and that these findings are repetitive in the spring and summer months.”
TREATMENT MUST BE PREFERRED OVER VIOLENCE AND SYMPTOMS
Mentioning that treatments are arranged for the severity and symptoms of allergy, Dr. Instructor Prof. Bulut said, “The use of artificial tears and antihistamine drops are mostly the first step of medical treatment. In cases where these drugs are insufficient, mast cell stabilizers, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drops, corticosteroids and immunomodulatory drops can be used in the treatment. Drops containing corticosteroids should definitely be used under the supervision of an ophthalmologist. It is very important for your eye health to know that excessive use of these corticosteroid-containing drops can increase intraocular pressure and cause other eye diseases that may lead to glaucoma and even blindness in the long term.